The Romney is a “long-wool” breed recognized in England by 1800. Exported to other continents, the Romney is an economically important breed. The breed evolved from medieval longwool types of which the Romney and Leicester breeds are early examples. The story of Romneys is hardly limited to England. The breed has been established in settings as different as Patagonia, New Zealand, Australia, Portugal, Brazil, Canada, and Southern California. The economic success of the Romney for over a century and a half says volumes, but does not make the breed ideal for every situation. It has been said that the Romney is, “A breed which has all the virtues save one, that of prolificacy… will thrive happily at extraordinary densities and seems to enjoy it.” Almost every detailed description of the Romney cites relative resistance to foot rot, an attribute rarely mentioned in descriptions of other breeds. “It is said that foot rot and liver fluke seldom affect the Romney. The Romney is in general an open-faced breed with long wool that grows over the legs in full. Romney breed standards are not identical across all countries, but have much in common. The Official Description of the typical Romney is as follows: Head wide, level between ears, with no horns nor dark hair on the poll. Eyes should be large, bright and prominent and the mouth sound. Face in females full, and in males broad and masculine in appearance. Nose and hooves should be black. Neck well set in at the shoulders, strong and not too long. Shoulders well put in and level with the back. Chest wide and deep. Back straight and long, with a wide and deep loin. Rump wide, long and well-turned. Tail set almost even with the chine . Thighs well let down and developed. The face should be white, and the skin of a clean pink colour. Ribs should be well sprung. Legs well set, with good bone and sound feet. The Romney should stand well on their pasterns. The fleece should be of white colour, even texture and a good decided staple from top of head to end of tail and free from kemp.